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Ocenjivanje ekoloških aspekata biološke sigurnosti genetski modifikovanih biljaka po životnu sredinu

dc.creatorBošković, Jelena
dc.creatorZečević, Veselinka
dc.creatorGalonja-Coghill, Tamara
dc.creatorMatković, Mirela
dc.creatorTrkulja, Nenad
dc.creatorVukašinović, Dragana
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-04T15:58:36Z
dc.date.available2019-04-04T15:58:36Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.issn0354-9542
dc.identifier.urihttp://plantarum.izbis.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/271
dc.description.abstractBiotechnology alongside the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops is constantly providing new opportunities for increasing crop productivity and tackling problems in agriculture, such as diseases, pests and weeds, abiotic stress and nutritional limitations of stopple food crops. Crops possessing new traits enabling the use in pharmaceutical production are also being generated. As GM crops are being introduced into various locations with different ecosystems, agriculture, biodiversity and agriculture practice, a scientifically based understanding of the environmental effects of GM crops cultivation would assist decision markers worldwide in ensuring environmental safety and sustainability. The main important environmental assessment of GM crops deals with their putative invasiveness, vertical and/or horizontal gene flow, effects on biodiversity and the impact on other products. These investigations are all highly interdisciplinary and complex. This paper deals with some of the most important problems related to entering GM crops into the environment, such as plant protection, ecological effects of HRCs, gene flow, biodiversity, stress, ecological risks of Bt crops, effects on soil ecosystems etc. There is a clear need to further assess the severity, magnitude and scope of risks associated with the massive field deployment of transgenic crops. When assessing GMC inter-relation with the existing cultivars, an increased knowledge base underpinning the development of GMC will provide greater confidence in plant science while assessing the risks and benefits of releasing such crops.en
dc.description.abstractBiotehnologija uz uvođenje genetski modifikovanih (GM) biljaka konstantno stvara nove mogućnosti povećanja biljne proizvodnje i rešavanja problema u poljoprivredi, kao što su bolesti, štetočine, korovi, abiotički stres i nutritivna ograničenja. Stvaraju se i biljke koje poseduju nove osobine, koje omogućavaju njihovo korištenje u farmaceutskoj proizvodnji. Budući da se GM biljke uvode na različite lokacije okarakterisane raznovrsnim ekosistemima, tipovima poljoprivrede, biodiverzitetom i agrikulturalnom praksom, neophodno je naucno razumevanje efekata uzgoja GM biljaka na životnu sredinu, koje ce obezbediti bezbednost i održivost životne sredine. Najvažnija istraživanja su ona usmerena na invazivnost GM biljaka, vertikalni i horizontalni prenos gena, uticaj na biološku raznovrsnost i na druge proizvode. Ova ispitivanja su veoma složena i multidisciplinarna. Ovaj rad razmatra neke od najvažnijih problema vezanih za uvođenje GM biljaka u životnu sredinu, kao što su zaštita biljaka, ekološki efekti horizontalnog prenosa gena, biodiverzitet, stres, efekti na zemljište itd. Postoji jasna potreba da se dublje istraži veličina i opseg rizika povezanih sa masivnom upotrebom transgenih biljaka. Pri procenjivanju međuodnosa GM biljaka I postojećih sorti, detaljnije poznavanje razvoja GM biljaka će omogućiti jasnije, pouzdanije i preciznije usmerene aktivnosti u biljnim naukama.sr
dc.publisherUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, Cacak
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/31031/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceActa agriculturae Serbica
dc.subjectgenetically modified crops (GMCs)en
dc.subjectenviromenten
dc.subjectplant protectionen
dc.subjectHRCsen
dc.subjectHTGen
dc.subjectgene flowen
dc.subjectbiodiversityen
dc.subjectgenetski modofikovane (GM) biljkesr
dc.subjectživotna sredinasr
dc.subjectzaštita biljasr
dc.subjecthorizontalni prenos genasr
dc.subjectbiodiverzitetsr
dc.titleAssessing ecological aspects of biosafety of genetically modified crops to environmenten
dc.titleOcenjivanje ekoloških aspekata biološke sigurnosti genetski modifikovanih biljaka po životnu sredinusr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY
dc.citation.epage167
dc.citation.issue36
dc.citation.other18(36): 143-167
dc.citation.rankM52
dc.citation.spage143
dc.citation.volume18
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://plantarum.izbis.bg.ac.rs//bitstream/id/1427/269.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_165


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