Genetic diversity and pathogenicity of Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata isolated from sugar beet
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Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata is the causal agent of bacterial leaf spot disease of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). During 2013, 250 samples were collected from leaf lesions with typical symptoms of bacterial leaf spot in commercial fields of sugar beet in Serbia, and 104 isolates of P.syringae pv. aptata were obtained. Identification and characterization was performed using biochemical, molecular and pathogenicity tests. Identification included LOPAT tests and positive reactions using primers Papt2F and Papt1R specific for P.syringae pv. aptata. Repetitive (rep) sequence-based PCR typing with ERIC, REP and BOX primers revealed high genetic variability among isolates and distinguished 25 groups of different fingerprinting profiles. Pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of representative isolates showed higher genetic variability than in rep-PCR analysis and distinguished three and four major genetic clusters, respectively. A pathogenicity test per...formed with 25 representative isolates on four cultivars of sugar beet confirmed the occurrence of leaf spot disease and showed correlation between the most aggressive isolates and the genetic clusters obtained in MLSA. All these findings point to the existence of several lines of P.syringae pv. aptata infection in Serbia that are genetically and pathologically different.
Keywords:bacterial leaf spot / genetic diversity / multilocus sequence analysis / pathogenicity / sugar beet
Source:Plant Pathology, 2018, 67, 5, 1194-1207
- Wiley, Hoboken