The response of Chenopodium album L. and Abutilon theophrasti Medik. to reduced doses of mesotrione
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The application of minimal doses of herbicides is very popular due to concerns about the negative impacts of herbicides on the environment and public health. Studies were conducted to estimate the possibility of using quick and non- destructive methods to investigate Chenopodium album L. and Abutilon theophrasti Medik. response to mesotrione. The studies were conducted in a controlled environment to determine the response of C. album and A. theophrasti to mesotrione using dose–response curves created based on plant dry weight, chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and chlorophyll content. The obtained effective dose values showed that the studied weeds were susceptible to reduced doses of mesotrione. ED95 values estimated for both species for dry weight and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were lower than the recommended dose rate (120 g a.i. ha−1), with less than 85 g a.i. ha−1 needed to achieve a reduction of 95%, compared with untreated plants, while ED95 value (A. theophrasti: 182... g a.i. ha−1 and C. album: 180 g a.i. ha−1) for chlorophyll content for both species was above the recommended dose rates. Consequently, dry weight and the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters are suitable for estimating the plant response to mesotrione, while chlorophyll content is not.
Keywords:Abutilon theophrastiMedik / dose–response / bioassay / chlorophyll fluorescence
Source:Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes, 2019, 54, 7, 615-621
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